Bringing alignment of the nations to the Calendar of God – especially with the Great Feast of Tabernacles – Kingdom Festival.

During the very first chapter of the Bible we see the introduction of several new concepts regarding God’s understanding of a Calendar.

Time. Time was not in existence before God created ‘The beginning’ And His first works after time began was to create heavens (and everything in them) and earth (and everything in them)

1. TIME

During the very first chapter of the Bible and then throughout the Torah, we see the introduction of several new concepts regarding God’s own Calendar.Time was not in existence before God created ‘The beginning’ And His first works after time began was to create heavens (and everything in them) and earth (and everything in them).

2. DAY

What is God’s definition of a day? The word ‘Yom’ is used seven times in the first chapter of Genesis alone and means a 24 hour period. But not just a day as most people understand it but one that begins at sunset and finishes at sunset 24 hours later. (eg The evening and the morning were the third day). You will need this understanding when you begin to try and understand the Kingdom of God, otherwise you will be confused and frustrated trying to figure out when things like the first day of the week starts. Many think it is Sunday but in fact it is Saturday evening.

3. WEEK

God defined a week as 7 yoms (days). Six days to work and a day of ceasing from work totalling seven days. He didn’t name the days of the week but rather called them ‘First day of the week’, second day of the week’ and so on until Friday evening. This seventh day He called The Sabbath or Shabbat and is a very special day to God and to all mankind.
So the week started on Saturday evening at sunset with the first day and the first day finished at sunset on Sunday evening. The second day of the week started on Sunday evening and continued until Monday evening at sunset. And so on. The sixth day ended at sunset on Friday evening and then the seventh day began – it is called the Sabbath.

4. THE SABBATH (SHABBAT)

In the very first week of creation, we are introduced to the Kingdom of God concept of the Sabbath. Largely forgotten, we are all at least required to ‘Remember’ the Sabbath though it was entrusted to the Jewish people to ‘observe’. We have a day each week that is instituted by God for our benefit. It was not just a day of rest but of ceasing – because God ceased from His work of creating. It is a shadow of the coming Millennial Kingdom of God and is a sign of being set apart. From a Jewish perspective, it’s observance is very special – shops shut on Friday evening and the preparation for the meal begins. The formal nature of Sabbath has wonderful traditional and meaningful expressions and is focussed around a meal on Friday night when families come together – dressed well, eating only the best food and wine. Scriptures and readings are read, songs are sung, blessings are given over family members. It’s main focus is about the Lord. Jewish people treat the Sabbath like the arrival of a royal woman, a queen. Some attend synagogue on Friday night and then on Saturday it may be Synagogue together as well as two meals. Finally on Saturday night, rather than just wrapping up the Sabbath quickly, another meal is often eaten on the ‘first day of the week’. The royal woman (Sabbath) is seen off slowly.
The Sabbath is a holy convocation and represents in all details the coming of the Lord Jesus for the second time to begin His Millennial reign. 6 days (6 Millenniums – 6000 years are completed and now the 7th day (7th Millennium) has begin with the Lord reigning and us ceasing from our works.
Try a family night to remember the Sabbath on a Friday night – see ‘Family Night’.

5. MONTH & THE MOON

Most of the world runs on a Gregorian Calendar with a solar month reference. 365 days with a make-up day every 4th year (Leap year).
However God runs on a completely different Calendar. It is a lunar calendar based around agriculture. This makes for a very regular monthly system.
All of God’s months start on a new moon.
Therefore there are generally 4 weeks in any month.

The first day of every month is a new moon. The second week begins around the first quarter, the third week begins (middle of the month) around the full moon, and the fourth week begins on the last quarter.

6. YEAR

The first month of the year according to God is Aviv (Babylonian name Nisan), which is linked precisely to two events, 1. The ‘Aviv’ of the barley when the head of barley is actually edible and not watery, and 2. The first glimpse of the new moon. When both of these events coincide, the new year begins. And every other event on God’s calendar relies on this information being correct. And because there will eventually be a difference between a solar year (365 days) and a lunar year (360 days) over the course of one year, an extra month is required to be accepted into the calendar in some years. This happens when at the New Moon at the beginning of a year, the barley is not ‘Aviv’ (edible instead of watery), the new year cannot start. A month later (full moon cycle) they check again at the New Moon and find that the barley is Aviv and so declare the New Year. Hence an extra month was included in the previous year because the barley was not ready. And so this adjustment brings the lunar calendar back on schedule with the agricultural cycle until the next time an adjustment is required.

The seventh month of the year Tishri or Rosh Hashanah (head of the year) is referred to also in scripture as the new year from an administrative sense – however the appointments of the Lord are all measured from Aviv (Nisan).

7. THE SABBATH YEAR

The scripture is self explanatory on this very special sabbath year.
Leviticus 25
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to the Lord.
3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit;
4 but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the Lord. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.
5 What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine, for it is a year of rest for the land.
6 And the sabbath produce of the land shall be food for you: for you, your male and female servants, your hired man, and the stranger who dwells with you,
7 for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land—all its produce shall be for food.

8. YEAR OF JUBILEE

God wanted a Sabbath, or ceasing from work, on the seventh day every week.
He wanted a resting of the lands every seventh year.
And on top of that He wanted a Jubilee year – after 49 years (7×7) where land returned to its original owners and slaves were set free.
This Jubilee year has great significance in the heart of God and therefore in the Kingdom of God. In fact the Kingdom of Judah went into exile to Babylon for 70 years because they had failed to keep the Jubilee year for 490 years – one year in captivity for each Jubilee they had failed to keep.

The scriptures on this subject are very specific.

Leviticus 25
8 ‘And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years.
9 Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land.
10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family.
11 That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine.
12 For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field.
13 ‘In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession.
14 And if you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor’s hand, you shall not oppress one another.
15 According to the number of years after the Jubilee you shall buy from your neighbor, and according to the number of years of crops he shall sell to you.
16 According to the multitude of years you shall increase its price, and according to the fewer number of years you shall diminish its price; for he sells to you according to the number of the years of the crops.
17 Therefore you shall not oppress one another, but you shall fear your God; for I am the Lord your God.
18 ‘So you shall observe My statutes and keep My judgments, and perform them; and you will dwell in the land in safety.
19 Then the land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill, and dwell there in safety.
20 ‘And if you say, “What shall we eat in the seventh year, since we shall not sow nor gather in our produce?”
21 Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year, and it will bring forth produce enough for three years.
22 And you shall sow in the eighth year, and eat old produce until the ninth year; until its produce comes in, you shall eat of the old harvest.
23 ‘The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are strangers and sojourners with Me.
24 And in all the land of your possession you shall grant redemption of the land.
25 ‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, and if his redeeming relative comes to redeem it, then he may redeem what his brother sold.
26 Or if the man has no one to redeem it, but he himself becomes able to redeem it,
27 then let him count the years since its sale, and restore the remainder to the man to whom he sold it, that he may return to his possession.
28 But if he is not able to have it restored to himself, then what was sold shall remain in the hand of him who bought it until the Year of Jubilee; and in the Jubilee it shall be released, and he shall return to his possession.
29 ‘If a man sells a house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; within a full year he may redeem it.
30 But if it is not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to him who bought it, throughout his generations. It shall not be released in the Jubilee.
31 However the houses of villages which have no wall around them shall be counted as the fields of the country. They may be redeemed, and they shall be released in the Jubilee.
32 Nevertheless the cities of the Levites, and the houses in the cities of their possession, the Levites may redeem at any time.
33 And if a man purchases a house from the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession shall be released in the Jubilee; for the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
34 But the field of the common-land of their cities may not be sold, for it is their perpetual possession.

9. THE APPOINTMENTS OF THE LORD

Just like a celestial diary, God has ordained certain appointments for all mankind to ‘meet’ with Him.
In Genesis 1:14 He declares that He has placed the ‘lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night,’ and for them to ‘be for signs and seasons, and for days and years.’
The Hebrew word translated seasons in many Bible translations is Moedim – meaning ‘appointed times’.
Similarly in Leviticus 23:1,2 ‘God refers to ‘My feasts’.
Most English translations say ‘feasts’ but the Hebrew word is ‘Moedim’ – ‘Appointed times or Appointments’ as in Genesis 1:14 (translated seasons).
‘The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.’ “‘

So Genesis 1:14 says – God will use the stars, sun and moon to pinpoint His Appointments with mankind.
Leviticus 23 says that God will have seven major Appointments with mankind and that the Israelites would be the custodians of these great Appointments.

However, even though the Israelites and Jewish people are the custodians of these great appointments of the the Lord, they are for everyone and bear great global (and in fact universal) significance. Here they are:

10. PASSOVER

It began in Egypt on the 14 day of Aviv (exactly midway through a 28 day lunar month and therefore it was a full moon – because all months start on a new moon and at mid month it is always a full moon)
On that night, the children of Israel, slaves in Egypt, were huddled in their modest houses in obedience to the word of the Lord through Moses. They had killed a lamb, one for each house, and smeared the blood of the lamb on the doorposts and lintel of their home. They were partaking of the meat of the lamb. And then the Angel of Death started his journey out from the presence of the Lord under instruction to kill the firstborn of everyone who was not inside a house that had been protected by the blood of the lamb. Of course the Egyptian firstborn were struck but the Angel of Death ‘Passed over’ the houses of the children of Israel. The word Passover comes from this action of the Angel of Death – He passed over and spared the Israelites.
The next day they took their belongings and left Egypt after 430 years towards the promised, covenanted land of Canaan.
In the desert along the way to the promised land, the Lord instituted an annual convocation to celebrate the day that the Angel passed over and spared the children of Israel. It would be celebrated on 14 Aviv every year.
Furthermore, once they arrived in the land of Canaan, this annual celebration was to continue with the further instruction that the firstfruits of the Barley crop would be brought to the place where the Tabernacle stood, or where the Presence of the Lord was – eventually this was in Jerusalem. Men over the age of 20 were required to attend this event from where ever they were. Lambs raised in the hills of Bethlehem, lambs one year old or more would be inspected on 10 Aviv by the priests and if found to be unblemished, they were sacrificed on the altar of the temple on Passover for the atonement of sin.

This mighty festival, or appointment found its fulfilment when Jesus, who was born in Bethlehem, and was referred to by John the Baptist as the ‘Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world’ came into Jerusalem riding on a donkey on the 10 Aviv at the same time that the priests began to inspect the sacrificial lambs. For 4 days He was ‘inspected’ by Pilate and King Herod but they could find no fault. And then He was convicted and crucified on a Roman cross, scourged and pierced at the exact time that the priests were sacrificing the passover lambs.

The significance of this appointment of the Lord was that Jesus died so that all men could be freed from the slavery of sin and separation from God. Jesus is the Passover Lamb for the nation of Israel and for whole world.

11. YOM KIPPUR

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9. SHAVUOT – PENTECOST

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10. TRUMPETS

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11. YOM KIPPUR

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12. SUKKOT – TABERNACLES

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